The wait and see technique is well-known in football. Assistant referees should not raise their flag too soon, but wait how play continues. This blog post contains three great offside examples to show how it works.
The first example comes from France in the 2018-2019 season.
What is your first thought when seeing a situation like this below? Offside probably, but nothing is what it seems.
Because when you have a clip of the full situation, you’ll notice that the player does not get involved in play. The player who passes the ball is the person who also touches it again.
Biggest lesson here: have the courage to wait. The next situations are a a bit more tricky. See below.
Wait and see by Marciniak
The second example is from a 2017-2018 Champions League game. Feyenoord plays at home against Manchester City and the referee is Szymon Marciniak. But I’d like to mention his assistant referee Tomasz Listkiewicz. I’ll analyse the situation below the video clip.
How important waiting is
The situation as it happened. Manchester City takes a corner kick and the ball does not get away. A Feyenoord defender blocks a shot from outside the box, but it’s not sufficient. There is a second shot on goal. As you can see, at the moment of the pass there is an attacker in offside position.
Feyenoord goalie Jones saves this second shot and the striker in offside position is not yet active in play. The Laws of the Game say the following about this. A player is interfering with an opponent by:
- gaining an advantage by playing the ball or interfering with an opponent when it has (1) rebounded or been deflected off the goalpost, crossbar, match official or an opponent or (2) been deliberately saved by any opponent
That is what happens here if the player in offside position gains the advantage. But is that the fact here?
Wait and see technique in LOTG
The Laws of the Game (LOTG) also mention the fact assistant referees need to see how play develops. The rulebook says: “The AR must use the “wait and see technique” to allow play to continue and not raise the flag when the team against which an offence has been committed will benefit from the advantage; it is therefore very important for the AR to make eye contact with the referee.”
And that is exactly what happens here. Although the player is in offside position, he is not active in play and does not interfere with an opponent. The assistant referee waits until someone touches the ball and that is an attacker who is not in offside position at the moment of the shot on goal.
So correct goal.
Great teamwork by the match officials and good use of the wait and see technique. I’d love to hear how they communicate in situations like this, because that makes it even more interesting. It gives us an even better idea how these calls are made.
Below another example.
Situation in The Netherlands
The following situation is in The Netherlands, but it’s slightly different. You’ll see that striker Van Wolfswinkel is in offside position at the moment of the pass and he runs towards the ball. What would you decide in this situation? (start at 1m56s)
At the moment of the pass Van Wolfswinkel is clearly in offside position. But remember: being in an offside position is not a foul.
Interfering with play or an opponent
And then something interesting happens. Van Wolfswinkel (red circle in pic below) runs towards the ball, but does not touch it. And that is the crucial detail to make the correct decision, because that’s important to determine if someone is interfering with play or an opponent.
The player does not touch the ball, therefore he is not interfering with play. The LOTG mention that interfering with play means you’re “playing or touching a ball passed or touched by a team-mate.”
Players interfere with an opponent by:
- preventing an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball by clearly obstructing the opponent’s line of vision or
- challenging an opponent for the ball or
- clearly attempting to play a ball which is close to him when this action impacts on an opponent or
- making an obvious action which clearly impacts on the ability of an opponent to play the ball
Van Wolfswinkel is running towards the ball, but that does not meet the criteria above. His actions don’t have an impact on the opponent.
But he is the player who scores. What is in the LOTG about gaining advantage?
Gaining an advantage
I want to tell you something about gaining an advantage. But we forget one important thing. Is the other player in offside position? In the video you can see lines on the pitch. I’ve marked it purple below and you see the secondlast defender’s shoe is closer the goal-line.
Gaining an advantage only applies when the ball rebounds from an opponent, crosbar,goalpost or match official. Or when a defender deliberately saves the ball. That’s not the case here. As a result, there is a new situation at the moment the right winger receives the ball. When the right winger passes the ball back to Van Wolfswinkel, he is behind the ball. Correct goal and great wait and see technique there.
Do you remember any interesting situations like this? Let me know.
In fact I enjoyed the teachings I have learned a lot keep it up.I’ll like to request for more videos to use as teaching material for our youth Referees in my district. Thanks
Hi, I’ll try to post case studies every now and then. Happy you like them.
Very interesting lessons…
I hope they help you
This decision (..in the Netherlands) is probably correct, but the AR is NOT in line with the 2nd last defender, he is in line with the striker. He has put himself in a position where his angle is incorrect, making it more likely that the striker looks on-side. From the camera the resolution is not adequate to determine the exact position, but in that case you should give the doubt to the attacking team.
He’s indeed not in the right position. It’s sometimes difficult to adapt your position to play, but in the end he made the right call. Sometimes you need to be a bit lucky.
very in formative please be sent more especially dogsos
Will try to find some DOGSO situations for you.
The video illustration is so wonderful. Keep it up and God bless you so much..
Good analysis. It has wholly re activated my memory with more enlightenment. Thanks
You’re welcome, Paul!
I love this, infact most goals are disallowed by ARs who lack this techniques.
Some are quite difficult to notice. But if you are aware of it, this might help you when you have to make the call.
Great post and lessons.Thank you.
You’re welcome. Will try to post more during the season.
thx so much very important cases.
I am more than happy to show them to my readers.