To perform well at a top tournament, preparation for referees was crucial. And according to Werner Helsen it is, amongst other things, due to Covid-19 a season that we will not soon forget. With competition stops, preparations with restrictions and furthermore a packed schedule with postponed matches to be played as well. Werner Helsen is Sports Scientist & Training Expert at UEFA and is professor and researcher in Performance Science at KU Leuven. In this story he shares insights to you as reader on how referees performed at and prepared for the Euro 2020 tournament.
On average the referees at Euro 2020 ran 790,5 metres per game at high speed (including sprints). At one of the games it was even 1881 metres. Later on in this blog you’ll get more statistics on speed, distance to fouls and top speed.
Different preparation than normal
The preparation for season 2020-2021 was more difficult for a lot of referees, also in the national leagues, because sometimes fitness clubs, gyms or outdoor sports areas were closed. Moreover, in the spring there were a lot of postponed matches to be played to catch up with the schedule, as most competitions started later than they’d normally do.
“The travel schedule also causeda an extra load, because there were less flights available”, says Werner Helsen. Not to mention possible Covid-19 infections.
Fitness test in Nyon
Referees arrived in Istanbul on June 7th. During the preparatory gathering in Nyon in May with the Euro 2020 referees a fitness test was already conducted. European referees run the Single-Double-Single-test, designed upon request by UEFA. In this story you can read why the SDS-test has been developed. A test is just a snapshot, emphasizes Werner Helsen. He checks almost on a daily basis the physical training regime of the referees, which are uploaded by the match officials via a heart rate watch on an online platform (Topsportslab) that is used by Uefa.
Based on this information, he can provide feedback on the quality of the training and, if necessary, adjust. It’s crucial for example to train with high intensity, take enough rest and also to vary your sessions on training days. In particular he also considered particular recovery strategies for the older and most experienced referees like Björn Kuipers who refereed the final or Felix Brych who officiated 5 games in total.
Extra substitutes make it more intensive
In addition to that, the extra substitutes make it more intensive for referees. 10 subs in regular time, plus 1 extra per team in extra time. “We noticed that the intensity of the game has increased. Furthermore, teams will have 26 instead of 23 players in their squad, giving teams the opportunity to always line-up a fit team, in particular at the end of the game where they can line-up up to 50% fresh players.”
Werner Helsen and his colleagues have recently analysed approximately 400 match loads of referees and assistants in the Champions League. “Based on these match loads we can also predict the match load during the European Championships. We’ve taken this into account when we’ve put together the training schedule for the referees”
During the meeting in Nyon in preparation of the Euro 2020 tournament, three important targets were discussed:
- Retain fitness
- Prevent fatigue
- Guarantee freshness
One of the most important pieces of advice: “It is important not to train significantly more or less than normal. Avoid peaks and drops”. Some referees were still active in the national leagues or play-offs the last couple of weeks. They joined the training programme by Uefa after that.
Fit, fresh and match-ready
The physical keywords for the European Championships: fit, fresh and match-ready. “Referees will get the necessary incentives, but they absolutely have to take enough rest [while preparing for the tournament]”. During the weeks before the tournament, referees don’t have matches any more, but they’ll do so-called match simulation sessions. Thereby, they train an hour and both sprints and high-intensity will be incorporated.
Statistics from Euro 2020 referees
High-speed running and sprints
High speed running and sprints for referees during Euro 2020. This varies based on the team tactics and the style of refereeing.
- Average: 790,5m per game
- Maximum: 1881m
Top speed for referees
- On average: 24,7 km/h.
- Minimum: 21 km/h.
- Maxium: 30 km/h.
Distance from referee to the location of the foul
(There were 22 fouls on average per game)
- On average: 14,4m
- Minimum: 10m
- Maximum: 18m
Total distance by referees
Werner Helsen adds that total distance says less about a physical performance. Total distance on high intensity and spritns is more relevant (Tip: maybe something to look at in your own statistics too)
- On average: 9388m
- Minimum: 7804m
- Maxium: 11.185m
Total distance by assistant referees
Both assistant referees can feel really different after a game. Some matches are very one-sided, plus play can even change at half-time.
- On average: 4901m
- Minimum: 2829m
- Maximum: 5845m
Example of match simulation session
Werner Helsen was so kind to share an example of a session. This is a session that helps referees to prepare for games and make sure they are ready. Referees do a pitch-based training, which consists of 4 exercises per set. Referees perform 3 sets, with 2 minutes rest in between. A set:
- 1st exercise: 3x 10m, 2x 20m and 3x 30m sprints with 30 seconds rest
- 2nd exercise: Jog 1 lap of the pitch
- 3rd exercise: Perform 5 laps of the pitch exercise below
- 4th exercise: Jog 1 lap of the pitch
In a seperate blog can read the full instruction of this match-simulation session.
Fitness levels higher than in national league
The physical load during a European Championship is higher than during the national competitions. Referees from big leagues like England, Spain, Italy and France regularly indicate that they perceive a huge physical difference in the Champions League matches compared to games in their own domestic league. “Preparing of match officials for a European Championship is really something different than preparing them for a national championship.” Specifically, elite referees spend 15 to 20 min more in the high-intensity zone compared to domestic matches.
More from Werner Helsen
This was a post about Euro 2020 referee fitness and the training preparation for referees. In the upcoming weeks I’ll publish a few more stories after speaking with Werner Helsen. Stay tuned for that! You can always check his website http://perception4perfection.eu for lots of great insights. Plus Werner Helsen shares a great fitness tip for all readers of my blog. I hope this advice will encourage you to do more referee-specific training in preparation for your games and for the new season.
Really interesting article, thank you for sourcing it.