Last week was an easy one for you all. How will you perform in week 18 of the 2017-2018 Laws of the Game Quiz? Good luck!
The second quiz of 2018 and week 17 of the 2017-2018 season. Good luck again!
Goals for your own level
- Physical. Like keeping up with the pace of play, being able to do sprints and stay close to the match situations
- Technical. For example getting the optimal observation angle (positioning)
- Interpersonal. For example interaction with players
- Lifestyle. Like eating healthy having good training spirit
- Emotional/mental: portraying self-confidence or being focused
- Career. Do you want to get promoted or get appointed for more top games
The ABC of goal-setting for referees
Types of goals: process vs outcome goals
- Outcome goals
- Performance goals
- Process goals
Action steps you need to take
Effective-goalsetting for referees needs SMART goals
Time-framed (or time-limited)
Be positive and flexible
Examples of goals
- Train physically twice a week (Lifestyle goal: Creating the good habit of sporting regularly)
- Practice concentration training at home twice a month (Mental goal: getting more focused as referee)
- Eat and drink no more than 1,600 calories a day (Lifestyle goal: eating healthier and losing 10 pounds before May 1st 2018)
- Run six consecutive sprints of 40m under 6 seconds on June 1 (Physical goal: Pass the fitness test to meet all requirements for a promotion)
- Talk with at least 5 players who made a foul during the first half. (Interpersonal goal: work on your interpersonal skills so you’re able to pro-actively prevent them from making bigger fouls) Don’t obsessively try to have long talks with players, but writing this goal down reminds you that you need to talk (for example because one of your skilss you want to improve was interpersonal contact).
- Run 5km under 25 minutes by March 1st 2018 (Goal: Improving endurance fitness level to keep up with play for 90 minutes)
Of course distances and time frames may vary. And you can pick your own goals based on the strengths and skills you want to improve that you wrote down. These are just examples of what goals look like.
Worksheet for goal-setting for referees
Kieran Dowell touching the ball twice at penalty kick this weekend. In the cup match against Arsenal. How would you handle in situations like this?
And during last season a similar situationLeicester City got a penalty kick against Manchester City and Mahrez is the taker. He kicks the ball, but slips. The goalie protests right away and referee Robert Madley makes a quick decision. He disallows the goal, because it’s not allowed to kick the ball again before a team-mate or opponent has touched the ball.
Below another example plus an further explanation based on the Laws of the Game.
And have a look at the situation below.
Bacca also touching the ball twice at penalty kick
There’s also a similar situation in the Serie A earlier this season. In the game between Sassuolo and AC Milan Bacca touches the ball twice, but I needed a few replays to see that. At first glance it’s difficult to see what exactly happens.
But for the players on the pitch it was very clear. They immediately asked the referee if he had seen what they saw. Bacca’s left food slipped, so he could not take a proper kick. He shoots with his right foot, but can’t prevent it from touching his left foot as well before anyone else touches it. That extra touch gives the ball an extra spin, which puts it over the goalie, who is not able to touch the ball.
Arbiter Café on Twitter got me a clip that I could embed on the blog. Much appreciated. Please have a look and see if you can spot Bacca touching the ball twice at penalty kick. Below the video you’ll find an explanation based on the Laws of the Game.
Difficult to spot, right? Only the replays will give you a clear view of what happened.
Explanation with Laws of the Game
The Laws of the Game (page 95 and 96) are clear: “The kicker must not play the ball again until it has touched another player. (…) If, after the penalty kick has been taken, the kicker touches the ball again before it has touched another player: an indirect free kick (or direct free kick for deliberate hand ball) is awarded.”
Referees have to focus on a lot of things during a penalty kick. They don’t want players or the goalie to move too quickly, but in the end not many referees whistle when it happens. Just wanted to know from you if referees should get more strict on encroachment. Vote in this Twitter poll.
During lots of penalty kicks taken in professional leagues one or both teams are encroaching. Should referees get more strict on this?
— Jan ter Harmsel (@dutchreferee) February 28, 2017
Want to read more? Check all case studies on my blog.
Some fitness tips to start after the New Year break. Most European leagues do stop during Christmas, so you might want to take a rest before the league starts again. KNVB fitness instructor Hilco de Boer shares some tips if you want to take a break in the newsletter for Dutch referees by KNVB.
These tips will also work perfectly after the end of the season or when your season starts in January or February.
“After a long period with five months of training and games, it’s now time to recover”, he writes to all amateur referees. He has some tips for you.
4 fitness tips to start after the New Year break
- Take two to three weeks to slow down. That will help you gent fysically and mentally fresh. “You can do some sports, but take it easy and try to do something else than running.”
- If you had some physical problems during the last few weeks, take a complete rest
- After a relaxing period, make sure you pick up training again a few weeks before the season starts
- Build up the intensity slowly, don’t start training like crazy
These 4 tips are probably also useful for you too. Good luck with the rest of your season!
The selfscan for referees is a useful tool to map out your actions for the coming period. This tool makes your development as referee visible and helps you write down your action steps.
I got this tips when following a KNVB course as referee. It helps me to prepare better for my games plus it’s a good tool for evaluation of your games.
The model works with the following steps:
- Write down your current situation
- Give yourself a score
- Write down your ambition
- Find learning objectives
- Make an action plan
- Review every game
This selfscan for referees is a good way to work on short-term goals. Evaluate the action steps after a certain period. This all can contribute to your final destination as referee.
1. Current situation (selfscan for referees)
I hope you know where you’re good at and which things you want to improve as referee. Or have a look at the assessment reports you got, because these will have some good points. Where are you now? Write down your development themes, the things you want to improve on.
To start with you can write down many points, but I advice you to focus on two or three. Please fill these out in the form, because you’ll have a higher chance of improving if you don’t do everything. You can work on other aspects of refereeing in the next month or period.
You probably find some points you can improve, but what’s your score on each theme? If you pick “positioning at free kicks” as theme, say how good you are at it. Pick it on a scale from 1 to 7.
3. Ambition on these topics
What do you want to reach at the themes you picked in the first stage of this selfscan? How do you want to score on these themes?
I personally took “advantange vs ball possession” as them. During games I don’t whistle for fouls at the halfway line and wait for advantage. It’s not wrong, but I wait way too long. Usually, the player has ball possession at most, but being (still) a player myself makes me want to go on. No breaks. Go! When starting this selfscan for referees I didn’t recognize these things. Call it a wrong intuition, but now it’s different. I know I do make mistakes and sometimes realise it when it is too late to whistle. I see myself developing now I am more aware of what I need to improve. That is already a big win.
Four stages of competence
It reminds me of the four stages of competence:
- Unconscious incompetence (wrong intuition)
- Conscious incompetence (wrong analysis)
- Conscious competence (right analysis)
- Unconscious competence (right intuation)
When filling out the current situation, you’ll get concious about your incompetences. And when you know your ambition, you can work hard to move to a different stage.
4. Learning objectives
This step is crucial, because you’ll formulate the learning objectives on each of your development themes. What is needed to go from your “current situation” (step 1) to the ambition (step 3). What is needed to reach your ambition? KNVB advises to take a maximum of three learning objectives per core task at a time. Other themes may be discussed later in the process.
5. Action plan
The big question is: What are you going to do now to work on your learning objective? Personally I will read my learning objectives before every game, because that reminds me where I am working on. This helps me keep my objectives at the top of mind. During games it reminds me what I need to do. That leads to the next action step: whistle when there’s no real advantage, but just ball possession.
As I am a player myself I know players will react when you whistle. As match preparation I also try to visualize these talks and know what I’ll say. Works good for me. During a recent game a player wants advantage, but when you point out shortly there’s no real advantage, they’ll accept it. When you know players will accept these calls, you’ll be less afraid to make the calls and wait endlessly for advantage.
A few notes from KNVB to keep in mind when making an action plan:
- Keep in mind that this is a plan that only affects you (and is not dependent on others).
- Sometimes a learning goal is comprehensive. Make sure you make a feasible plan that you can properly assess (wether you have / have not achieved it)
- It may be that you have to take multiple actions to achieve a learning goal, then start with action point 1 only.
So focus, don’t do all things at once. That helps you a lot. Because doing ten things for 10% brings you nowhere. When you really see improvement, add other things.
6. Review every game
Okay, the action steps are there, but that is not the end of this model. Make sure you review every game and score your performance on the action steps you picked for that game. Due to this reflection method you’ll also be able to tweak the ambition and action steps, because you realise what works or not.
And no, it is not a lot of work. You wrote your action steps and the only thing you’ll do before every game is pick the points you want to work on. Evaluate them after the game and do that for a longer period.
Update your selfscan for referees
During the summer or winter break, feel free to do a new selfscan for referees. That will change your action plans and ambitions. When you improve over time, you’ll find new things to work on. Also assessments might alter the things you want to work on. Be flexible, but make sure you know what you want to improve and focus on that.
The improvement as refere is up to YOU. Make sure you’ll make the best out of it.
Download your free template for a selfscan
To make it easier for you, you can download the template for the selfscan for referees. If you have any questions, just let me know.
Jens Maae thinks 2017 is the best year in his refereeing career. He officiates the Euro u17 final and the Danish cup final. But that doesn’t mean he will stop working hard in 2018. There are new goals. “The most imortant thing is to enjoy myself and second is getting to category 2 in UEFA”, he says in an interview with Dutch Referee Blog.
Jens G. Maae is 35 years old and a referee since 1998. He is a semi-professional referee that works part-time as a physiotherapist. Check out the interview about his wonderful last year plus his future career.
The u17 Euro final
You officiated the u17 Euro final this year. How did you experience 2017 and this tournament in particular?
Jens Maae: “2017 will for sure be my best refereeing year in my career – participating in the U17 final tournament in Croatia, and afterwards refereeing the Danish cup final between FC Copenhagen and Brøndby. In particular being to the final tournament – working with colleagues from different countries, and learning from some of the best observers/coaches in Europe.”
You officiated the final with assistants Mika Lamppu from Finland and Russia’s Alexei Vorontcov. How do you prepare for a final? What does day look like? And how is it to work with AR’s from different countries?
Jens Maae: “When appointed to the final, it was important for me to get together with Mika and Alexei as much as possible – to form a team.
Preparing for the final included specific training exercises on matchday minus 2 and 1″. (MD-2 and MD-1 in training schedules, the days before the game, Jan).
“On MD-1 we got together with a coach with scouting notes of the two teams. And we had a pre-match discussion, because I want to make sure who will do the different things in the match, how I would like them to react in certain situations and so on. AR’s from different countries are used to work differently, so it is very important, that we are aligned as much as possible before going on the field of play.”
“On the matchday we eat breakfast and lunch together. But otherwise are we alone – to get mentally ready. Different referees think differently about what to do on the matchday, but I prefer a small walk, sleep – just relaxing.
“We arrive at the stadium 1.5 hours before kick-off, we also check the pitch and then go to the dressing room. I hear some music – just to feel relaxed! Warm-up – and then GAME TIME!”
The team is key for Jens Maae
Mika Lamppu talked about chemistry in a refereeing team on my blog in September. He says: “For example, the final was my first match with mr. Maae, but we managed to build a good cooperation thanks to spending much time together during the weeks.” How important is “the team” for you and how do you build it?
Jens Maae: “The team is very important – I need to trust them 100% in situations.
That is why I use a lot of time with my collegues – getting to know them (both personally and professionally) – and letting them know about my football philosophy. In Denmark we change AR every week – it has it’s weakneses and it’s strenghts – but when going to an international match, we get together – to get aligned.”
“All people are different, and you can learn something from every human being.”
A family of referees
Back to the start of your career. How did you get involved in refereeing?
Jens Maae: “When I was 15 (1997) – my father and big brother were a referee. I was working as a paper boy, but I thought it was boring. So a group of boys from school went to this course and became referees. So in the beginning it was a job (beginning of 1998), becoming a hobby, becoming a career.”
“A funny story is that one of the boys from school is Jørgen Daugbjerg Burchardt. He is a FIFA referee today as well.”
Refereeing the Copenhagen derby
Which steps on the refereeing ladder did you take so far? And how are refereeing facilities in your country?
Jens Maae: “In the Danish league there are no more steps, I have reached the top. I have refereed the big Copenhagen derby and the cup final.” I also won “referee of the year” after beeing in the top division for 1 ½ years.
Internationally im in Category 3, which is the lowest category in UEFA. My ambition after doing well in the U17, is to be promoted to the category 2 the coming summer 2018. As mentioned I am part-time employed by the FA. We also have a physical coach and several other coaches to help us develop.”
“But in comparison, UEFA is a top top professional organisation. It has a massive set-up and top professional persons working for them.”
Adrenaline kicks for refs
What do you like about refereeing so much and have you ever thought of quitting this hobby?
Jens Maae: “I love beeing in the center of the greatest game on earth. In Denmark football is number 1 sport – everyone has an opinion about the matches in the weekend. And I love the attention, or lack of it, when a situation in a match is solved correctly. The adrenaline kick after doing a good match is massive.”
“When I became father seven years ago, everything you are spending time on, comes into a perspective. I did not think about stopping, but when getting insults or critisised by fans or clubs unfairly, gets you to think about your future.”
What’s the hardest challenge/problem during your career?
Jens Maae: “I had a really bad match – missing a penalty and missing a red card – “punishing’ the same team. It was a game-changer – and that is a referee’s biggest nightmare. Jounalists contacted me – and I was pretty new in the top division. Luckily I had a lot of help from colleagues, mentors and so on. I was refereeing a couple of weeks after [that incident, Jan] and became stronger because of that.”
Goals for the future
It’s just 2018. What are your refereeing goals for this year? And how are you going to achieve them?
“The most imortant thing is to enjoy myself and second is getting to category 2 in UEFA. Will try to reach that by showing consistancy, being at your best every time you go on the pitch. Knowing mistakes will come, but doing my very best to minimize the odds for them to come.”
On the Uefa website you say something about the u17 Euro as well. “This is a very important tournament for all of us because we’re learning from the best observers in the world.” What are the best 3 tips that will make others a better referee too?
- Listen to the people that want to help you – even though you sometimes disagree
- “Go the extra mile” – there is no easy way to the top
- Be yourself and enjoy the level your are refeering at.